These trees native to India and Pakistan and require a lot of humidity and rainfall to grow well. This conifer starts to produce cones when the tree is less than three feet tall. The needles on the twigs are dark green on the upper side with 2 white stomata bands on the underside. It has soft, flattened pale blue-green needles up to 2 1/2 inches long. Although many species of fir have a common name “white fir,” the Abies concolor is a distinct species. Also named the Caucasian fir tree, the Nordmann fir is native to Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus mountains. The eight species marketed beneath this name are spruce, spruce pine, jack pine, balsam fir, lodgepoleṣ pine, Engelmann spruce, and red spruce. Or select a region for a larger-scale map. Many trees in the Abies genus come in dwarf varieties, making them especially suited as potted living Christmas trees that can continue to be grown in pots or moved into the landscape after the holiday. Cones are dark purple to brown and grow to between 1.5” and 3.14” (4 – 8 cm) long. Bark on young trees is smooth and gray, becoming rough and scaly as the tree ages. Move it outdoors for a day or two during the holiday season to give it a rest from the stress of warm indoor conditions. The Nordmann fir is one of the most popular Christmas trees in the UK. Abies, Fir trees are a genus comprised of 66 taxa (species, subspecies and varieties) of evergreen conifer trees. They are found in the area from the Rocky Mountains towards the west and attain full development in Cascade and Sierra Nevada ranges. 18 Mugo Pine. The fir needles have a distinct citrus aroma. This species grows between 35-50 feet (10.5-15 m.). This fir tree displays a full pyramid shape with blue or dark green leaves that have one of the richest scents of all the Christmas trees. The Balsam Fir tree is one of the most popular species used for Christmas trees. Evergreen trees are the perfect type of tree to landscape a garden or backyard. balsamea, and the other being var. The west Himalayan fir grows to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall. The leaves are flat and resemble needles. This tree has good pest resistance and makes a great screen or specimen. All trees in Canada can be distinguished as being a conifer or deciduous tree. As you may be able to tell by its scientific name, the Douglas fir is not a true fir tree. The light bluish fir needles help identify California red firs as they are shaped like a hockey stick. The needles are short (about 1/2 inch long) and pale green-blue in color. Popularly grown types of fir tree are noble firs, Fraser firs, balsam firs, Douglas firs, and giant firs. Korean firs are small ornamental trees that grow to between 33 and 60 ft. (10 – 18 m). (Walter Siegmund/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.5) The … Dwarf evergreen shrub varieties of fir form a carpet and work well in rock gardens, while upright types make a sensational focal point. The cylindrical seed cones are 6 inches long and are dark reddish-brown in color. They can grow up to 8” (21 cm) long and stand erect on branches as they mature to a brown color. South central. Noble firs show attractive, smooth, silvery-gray bark with one inch gray-green or bright blue-gray leaves. This species of evergreen conifer is from the genus Pseudotsuga which means it actually belongs on the list of pine trees. West Himalayan firs have needle-like leaves which are the longest of any fir species. However, the typical height of these firs is between 180 and 200 ft. (55 – 61 m). These small conifers grow to between 30 and 50 ft. (10 – 15 m) tall. The needles of Korean fir grow densely on the twigs and curl in on themselves. Other types of soft fir trees have denser foliage. Mature cones have soft brown scales. Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. Fir, genus of more than 40 species of evergreen trees of the conifer family Pinaceae. American mountain-ash. They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. Fir Trees 4. The essential oil derived from the needles can be used to treat colds, rheumatism, and nasal congestion. It rarely grows to a height of 25 meters. Some of the tallest types of fir trees can reach impressive heights of 262 ft. (80 m) and some smaller kinds may only be 32 ft. (10 m) tall. It makes a lovely contrast with dark-colored evergreens. Parts of this fir can be used to create an essential oil and incense. Spanish firs have a distinct conical shape and purple cones. If you look closely at pictures of the needles, you will see they are arranged in a spiral on the shoots. The cylindrical cones are 3 1/2 to 12 inches long. However, all New World trees we commonly call “cedar” are of the family Cupressaceae, often referred to as cypress. Fir Trees. This fir species produces an essential oil with a fragrance of pine. The Noble fir has inch-long silvery blue-green needles which point upwards, exposing the lower branches. This fir tree is often grown in western landscapes where it is known, regionally, as the Rocky Mountain white fir, California white fir, and Colorado white fir. So if your ornaments and decorations are on the heavier side, this is definitely the tree for you. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. A true firs needles grow out of the branch and leave scars on the branch when they fall. Types of Evergreen Trees That Will Leave You Wonder-struck. The grand fir tree has soft needle leaves that are dark green and glossy. The Korean fir is one of the smaller fir species. It will survive best positioned in a relatively cool space away from heat ducts. Fir, White . Loosen compacted soils by digging in compost or other organic amendments before planting the tree. For this article, we will discuss the species as a whole. Fir trees also produce some of the most colorful types of conifer cones. • Loam – a mixture of all three. In the pine family, true fir trees (genus Abies) include 11 species native to North America. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. A distinguishing feature of the Fraser fir is that it has straight branches that are angled upwards. Because of this, wood from fir trees is generally used to construct indoor wooden frames or plywood. It is an evergreen tree that is usually 10 to 15 meters tall. Historically, this was the first species to be used as Christmas trees in Europe. These needles help to tell this fir apart from the noble fir, which is closely related. There are about 56 varieties of fir in the world today. This fir tree species has female cones that look like raspberries. The cones are blue-green when immature with brown bracts peeping out between the scales. 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 9 Species of Fig (Ficus) Trees for Indoor and Outdoor Gardening, 15 Varieties of Japanese Maple Trees With Colorful Foliage, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs. Dwarf varieties of Douglas fir are also popular Christmas trees. Fall apart when mature. Often wood from grand firs is used in the construction industry for frames and other wooden indoor structures. If you look at pictures of mature silver firs, you can often see the distinctive pyramid shape at the very top of the tree. The grand fir tree has smooth bark that is grayish brown and becomes scaly as the tree matures. It grows slowly and fits into most landscapes. Types and Facts about Fir Trees - Fir trees are evergreen coniferous trees that fall under the Abies genus of the Pinaceae family. They can grow to between 80 and 195 ft. (24 – 60 m). Fir trees are one of more than 45 species of evergreen trees. Many of us have a tendency to refer to all conifers as pine trees, which is not illogical considering that the pine family (Pinaceae) is the largest family of conifers and accounts for approximately ¼ of all cone-bearing trees (the definition of a conifer is a plant that bears cones). This subalpine fir does well in areas with some shade. However, if you suffer from allergies, then it’s essential to pick a species of evergreen that has no aroma at all. The tree has flattened, shiny, dark green needles up to one inch long, and have white bands on the undersides. Among the many choices of evergreen trees, the most commonly planted varieties are cypress, pine, fir, cedar, spruce, hemlock, juniper, thuja, eucalyptus, and magnolia. Some of the tallest specimens of Nordmann trees can grow up to 280 ft. (85 m) tall. This contrasts with deciduous tree type or plants, which completely lose their foliage during the winter or dry season. There are five species, two in western North America, one in Mexico, and two in eastern Asia. Cones grow upright, with each scale holding two seeds. The flattened needs are 3/4 to 1 1/2 inches long, a glossy dark-green with two whitish bands on the bottom sides. Choose a species with good cold hardiness in your region. Depending on where this “fir” tree is found in the world, it is also called the Oregon pine, Douglas spruce, red fir, or red pine. The leaves of these trees are needle-like, and each leaf is uniquely attached to the branch by a suction-like cup at its base. This tree is also known as the Nordmann fir, named after Alexander von Nordmann, a Finnish zoologist. larches), most have needle or scale like leaves that are evergreen, and all bear cones. The trees have a reliably symmetrical shape with a wide base and dark green, broad needles. This tree also has a reddish brown exfoliating bark. Fir trees make useful specimen plantings and have erect cones. Some of the most commonly planted firs include: White Fir (Abies concolor) – this fir tree has soft, gray-green to silvery blue-green foliage. Unlike many types of fir trees, the cones also appear on young trees which enhance their attractiveness. Fir, Douglas. The subalpine fir tree is a medium-sized fir tree that grows very slowly; it is frequently used in bonsai craft. This tree has a number of regional common names, including great silver fir, giant fir, Oregon fir, lowland white fir, Vancouver fir, western white fir, yellow fir, and great fir. Cultivars and Varieties: European Silver Fir-Abies alba, Pacific Silver Fir-Abies amabilis, Balsam Fir-Abies balsamea, Greek Fir-Abies cephalonica, White Fir-Abies concolor, Fraser Fir-Abies fraseri, Grand Fir-Abies grandis, Korean Fir-Abies koreana, Alpine Fir-Abies lasiocarpa, Spanish Fir … The needles are dark green with a slight silvery cast, Balsams have short, flat, needles that are long-lasting. Some species of fir tree such as the Fraser fir, balsam fir, and noble fir are popular Christmas trees. Identification of these trees is done with their needle-like leaves and cone characteristics. 11 Best Types of Christmas Trees for People Who Want the Real-Tree Smell in Their House These tree varieties offer a nice aroma, an easy clean-up or strong branches to hold lots of ornaments. The genus Abies includes 48-56 species of true firs that are classified into nine extant sections and one extinct section. Korean fir is one of the smallest types of fir trees. This large fir tree is a popular type of fir that lives up to its common name of being noble. The bark of young fir trees is usually smooth and gray. The bark of noble fir trees is reddish-brown when mature. They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. Browse the entire list below. The bluish-green leaves are needle-like and measure about 1.2” (3 cm) long. Choose a species with good cold hardiness in your region. Do You Know the Difference Between Evergreens and Conifers? The most popular types of Christmas trees in Canada fall into the pine, fir, or spruce families. Pine is a coniferous tree in the genus Pinus, in the family Pinaceae.There are about 111 species of pines worldwide, although different authorities accept between 105 and 125 species. As its common name suggests, the California red fir tree develops reddish bark. Trees woods and wildlife. Why We Love It: Unique foliage and cones. The cones of this pindrow fir are broad and large. Fraser fir is related closely to balsam fir. They have soft blue-green needles that have blunted tips. Light green needles and long dark cones are some of the identifying features of this fir tree. Growing on the fir trees, these cones can resemble candles on a Christmas tree. Types of Fir Wood . List of Different Types of Fir Trees. These coniferous trees prefer cooler climates where they get full sun. The bark is light gray and smooth but gradually becomes furrowed as the tree ages. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Below are commonly found pines, spruces, and firs in Ohio. It is also found in the following types: Mountain Hemlock, Engelmann Spruce-Subalpine Fir, Sitka Spruce, Western Hemlock, Western Redcedar and Pacific Douglas-Fir. So, whatever your landscaping needs are, there are many varieties of evergreen trees to choose from. You usually have the choice of a naturally shaped tree, with a slightly unsymmetrical shape, or a tree sheered into the perfect holiday tree. This fragrant species also grows in an attractive pyramid shape. As the tree grows, the bark becomes ridged and takes on a light brown color. Fir Trees. The evergreen conifers have a distinct conical shape, even when mature. It has a delightful fragrant aroma and soft flat green needles that stay on the tree after being cut. Some fir cones can grow up to 10” (25 cm) and they resemble brown-colored candles sitting erect on branches. There are many reasons why the balsam fir has become a popular type of Christmas tree. Massed on the upper surface of the twig. Click on the map as close as possible to your intended planting site. The best fir species for use as potted, living Christmas trees are the Fraser, balsam, white, Spanish, and noble firs. 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